Many U.S. cities, states and companies have also vowed to drastically reduce their emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases in the coming years. Twelve states and at least 165 U.S. cities plan to buy 100% of their electricity from renewable sources, according to climate monitoring group America`s Pledge. But U.S. participation in the Paris agreement is not yet over. The U.S. could opt for a comeback, and Democratic candidate Joe Biden has promised to reinstate the deal “on the first day” if he wins the election. If it does, the United States could officially resume its role under the Paris agreement in mid-February. The U.S.
abandonment of the Paris Agreement also means ending U.S. contributions to a global fund to help smaller and poorer countries that bear the disproportionate costs of climate change. The United States initially agreed $3 billion to help these nations switch from fossil fuels and adapt to a warmer land, the largest amount of a country, but still well below America`s fair proportion, given its cumulative carbon emissions. At a rose garden ceremony on June 1, 2017, U.S. President Donald Trump declared his intention to withdraw the United States from the Paris Climate Agreement. Trump argued that meeting the goals of the agreement, which was to control and reduce greenhouse gas emissions, would have a negative impact on job growth, hamper production and lead to dramatic declines in the coal mining, natural gas, steel and cement industries. He also stressed that the agreement had set unfair standards for U.S. efforts to limit greenhouse gas emissions, while it would allow developing countries such as China and India to provide greater flexibility to meet their own climate goals.
Towards the end of his speech, Trump left open the possibility of renegotiating the agreement in order to give the United States a better deal that serves the country`s interests: the formal withdrawal also opened old wounds for climate diplomats. While the Paris Agreement ultimately aims to limit global temperature increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius this century, many studies evaluating the voluntary commitments of some countries in Paris show that the cumulative effect of these emission reductions will not be significant enough to keep temperatures below that ceiling. Indeed, the targets set by the target countries should limit the future increase in temperature between 2.7 and 3.7 degrees Celsius. At the same time, recent assessments of countries` developments in the framework of their climate targets in Paris indicate that some countries are already not meeting their commitments. The UN report warns that the terrible effects of climate change will come sooner than expected. This is why we need to follow the report`s advice and why every tonne of emissions reduction can make a difference. Maintaining the agreement could also be serious obstacles for the United States when we begin to implement the restrictions on the abundant energy reserves of the United States, which we have very strongly initiated.